Third edition of the classical reference work first published in 1937, and in print for over 70 years An accessible and informative volume, with over 3,100 entries, fully revised and updated to reflect modern scholarship, and taking into account the advice of current lecturers and teachers in classics Contains accounts of the lives and works of the classical writers, from Aeschylus and Cicero to Seneca and Zosimus Includes character entries and plot summaries of the classical myths and legends, as well as comedies and tragedies by Greek and Roman playwrights, summaries of the philosophical works of Aristotle and Plato, and the works of the major historians Covers the origin and developments of different literary styles, including biography, epic, rhetoric, lyric poetry, and the writing of history Includes numerous topical entries on subjects such as aesthetics, anti-Semitism, childbirth, democracy (Athenian), love and sexuality, the soul, and universal and natural law, providing excellent overviews of important aspects of society and culture, as reflected in the classical literature Contains six detailed maps pinpointing important locations with literary connections, as well as a chronological table that gives easy access to events of both historical and literary significance The third edition of The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature is the complete and authoritative reference guide to the classical world and its literary heritage. It not only presents the reader with all the essential facts about the authors, tales, and characters from ancient myths and literature, but it also places these details in the wider contexts of the history and society of the Greek and Roman worlds. With an extensive web of cross-references and a useful chronological table and location maps (all of which have been brought fully up to date), this volume traces the development of literary forms and the classical allusions which have become embedded in our Western culture. Extensively revised and updated, the Companion includes more thematic entries - medicine, friendship, science, the concept of freedom, and sexuality. These topical entries provide an excellent starting point to the exploration of their subjects in classical literature. The Companion contains extensive biographies of classical literary figures from Aeschylus to Zeno; entries on a multitude of literary styles from biography and rhetoric to lyric poetry and epic, and character entries and plot summaries for the major figures and myths in the classical canon. It is the ideal guide for students in Classics, and for all who are passionate about the vast and varied literary tradition bequeathed to us from the classical world. Readership: Teachers and students of Classics and those taking Classical modules as part of a History or Literature degree, as well as those interested in classical literature in general.